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Acquired Aphasia in Children: Acquisition and Breakdown of by Isabel Pavão Martins, A. Castro-Caldas, Hugo R. van Dongen,

By Isabel Pavão Martins, A. Castro-Caldas, Hugo R. van Dongen, Anne van Hout

One of the main interesting difficulties in Behavioural Neurology is the query of the cerebral association for language in the course of youth. received aphasia in young children, albeit infrequent, is a different condition during which to check the family among language and the mind in the course of cerebral maturation. Its learn extra contributes to our realizing of the restoration strategies and mind plasticity in the course of adolescence. yet whereas there's a large amount of knowledge and experimental paintings on brain-behaviour relationships in grownup matters, the literature in regards to the results of focal mind lesions in childrens is either exiguous and scattered all through clinical journals and books. We felt it was once time to arrange a gathering the place scientists during this box may examine their reviews and talk about rules coming from varied parts of study. A workshop on bought Aphasia in young ones was once held in Sintra, Portugal, on September 13-15, 1990, and attended through forty four members from thirteen differents international locations. the ambience was once secure and casual and the gang was once saved small to accomplish this impact. It used to be a really vigorous and delightful assembly. a few consensus used to be certainly arrived at touching on methodological difficulties, definition of phrases, and instructions for destiny study. the most contributions are amassed during this ebook which, we are hoping, will serve the medical neighborhood as a reference paintings on formative years Aphasia. I,P.M., AC.C.

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4. 5a. 5b. C. 6. 7. Comprehension Comprehension of simple commands and questions Comprehension of abstract language and complex questions Amount. fluency, rate of speech Amount of speech: Less than expected " " " : More than expected Fluency of speech Rate of speech: Decreased " " " : Increased Intelligibility, grammaticality Intelligibility of speech Speech articulation 48 TABLE 1. (Continued) 8. 9. D. 10. 11. 12. 13. E. 14. 15. F. 16. G. , for tense, plural, possessive, gender, etc. Ran~e of vocabulaO'.

Erlbaum. Slobin, D. I. (1982). ' In E. Wanner & L. ), Language Acquisition: The State of the Art. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. Slobin, D. I. (1985). The crosslinguistic study of language acquisition. : Erlbaum. Snow, C. (1983). Saying it again: The role of expanded and deferred imitations in language acquisition. E. ) Children's Language, Volume 4. : Erlbaum. ThaI, D. & Bates, E. (1988a). ' Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 31, 115-123. ThaI, D. & Bates, E. (l988b). 'Relationships between language and cognition: Evidence from linguistically precocious children.

46 It is crucial to be cognizant of the variability among normal children in the milestones of early language acquisition if one is to evaluate the language of a preschoool child with a developmental language disorder or a focal brain lesion and an acquired aphasia. These milestones have been the subject of intensive study. , 1986, Coplan, 1989). , unpublished). Quantitative tests administered by speech and language pathologists and psychoJinguists provide rich data on the acquisition of vocabulary and syntax (Aram, this volume) but not on the child's language use in a conversational setting or on his/her ability to formulate a complex verbal message coherently.

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