By J. M. Barea (auth.), B. A. Stewart (eds.)
The examine of soils has taken on elevated significance simply because a swiftly increasing inhabitants is putting calls for at the soil by no means earlier than experi enced. This has ended in a rise in land degradation. Land degradation is among the so much serious difficulties dealing with mankind. quantity eleven of Advances in Soil technological know-how was once dedicated fullyyt to this severe zone of soil technological know-how. The editors of that quantity, R. Lal and B.A. Stewart, outlined soil degradation because the decline in soil caliber brought on by its misuse via people. They extra said that soil degradation is a massive drawback for no less than purposes. First, it undermines the effective means of an environment. moment, it impacts worldwide weather via changes in water and effort balances and disruptions in cycles of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and different components. via its effect on agricultural productiveness and surroundings, soil deg radation ends up in political and social instability, improved cost of deforesta tion, in depth use of marginal and fragile lands, speeded up runoff and soil erosion, pollutants of ordinary waters, and emission of greenhouse gases into the ambience. actually, soil degradation impacts the very textile of mankind.
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Extra info for Advances in Soil Science: 15
Relationship of soil fertility to suppression of the growth response of mycorrhizal big bluestem in non-sterile soil. New Phytol. 109:473-481. , V. Gianinazzi-Pearson, and A. Trouvelot. 1988. Conceptual approaches for the rational use of VA endomycorrhizae in agriculture: Possibilities and limitations. pp. 39-40. In: 2nd European Symposium on Mycorrhizae, Prague. Gianinazzi-Pearson, V. 1984. Host-fungus specificity in mycorrhizae. pp. 225253. S. H. ), Genes involved in plant-microbe interactions.
To explain the cases where V AM seem to improve water flow through hyphae, Cooper (1984) argued that the external V AM hyphae bypass the dry zones surrounding the root during the drought period. Thus, V AM can maintain a water continuity across the soil-root interface. This is also supported by Hardie (1985). However, inflow calculations by Allen (1982), taking into account those by Sanders and Tinker (1973) together with data obtained by using tritiated water (Safir and Nelsen, 1981), do not support an improvement of water uptake as a result of increased hyphal translocation (see Cooper, 1984).
225253. S. H. ), Genes involved in plant-microbe interactions. Springer, Vienna. C. Fardeau, S. Asimi, and S. Gianinazzi. 1981. Source of additional phosphorus absorbed from soil by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal soybean. Physiol. Veg. 19:33--43. , and S. Gianinazzi. 1986. The physiology of improved phosphate nutrition in mycorrhizal plants. pp. 101-109. In: V. Gianinazzi-Pearson and S. ), Physiological and genetical aspects of mycorrhizae. INRA, Paris. L. Fox, R. A. El-Swaify. 1988. Interaction of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi with erosion in an oxisol.