By Bruce A. Glasrud
Until eventually lately, histories of the yank West gave little facts of the presence—let by myself importance—of African americans within the unfolding of the western frontier. There could have been a point out of Estevan, slavery, or the Dred Scott selection, however the wealthy and sundry adventure of African americans at the nice Plains went principally unnoted. This e-book, the 1st of its type, offers that serious lacking bankruptcy in American history. Originally released over the span of twenty-five years in nice Plains Quarterly, the essays amassed the following describe the half African americans performed within the frontier military and as homesteaders, neighborhood developers, and activists. The authors deal with race kin, discrimination, and violence. They inform of the fight for civil rights and opposed to Jim Crow, they usually learn African American cultural development and contributions in addition to financial and political features of black lifestyles at the nice Plains. From participants similar to “Pap” Singleton, period Bell Thompson, Aaron Douglas, and Alphonso Trent; to incidents at fortress Hays, Brownsville, and Topeka; to defining moments in executive, schooling, and the arts—this assortment deals the 1st complete assessment of the black adventure at the Plains.
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Additional resources for African Americans on the Great Plains: An Anthology
Yet because the troops had just been paid and drunkenness and lghting often accompanied receipt of wages, it appears the violence began with the alcohol. According to admittedly biased civilian sources, several black infantrymen tried to break into a brothel from which they earlier had been refused 40 leiker admission. A scufme began, with troops lining up in battle formation and opening lre into nearby homes and businesses. 46 As white cavalrymen attempted to break up the melee, several residents embarked on a rampage against Hays City’s few black civilians.
181–201, and Fowler, Black Infantry in the West, pp. 114–39. Jack D. Foner’s The United States Soldier Between Two Wars: Army Life and Reforms, 1865–1898 (New York: Humanities Press, 1970), pp. 127–47, describes army and civilian attitudes toward the black units and attempts to replace them with integrated regiments. 11. James N. Leiker, “Voices from a Disease Frontier: Kansans and Cholera, 1867,” Kansas History 17 (Winter 1995): 236–53; and Roman Powers and Gene Younger, “Cholera on the Plains: The Epidemic of 1867 in Kansas,” Kansas Historical Quarterly 37 (1971): 351–93; Post Returns, fh, July and August 1867, ago, rg94, namp, roll 3; Maj.
28. Elizabeth Custer, Following the Guidon (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1890), pp. 155. 29. Capt. Samuel Ovenshine, Fifth Infantry, Post Commander, fh, to Brev. Capt. M. Howard, Fort Harker, February 2, 1868, Letters Sent (ls), fh, na, rg393 (Continental Commands), part 5; Atchison Daily Free Press, January 4, 1868 (quoted). 30. Kansas Daily Tribune, December 25, 1867; Railway Advance, December 24, 1867. 31. Ovenshine to J. M. , Justice of the Peace, and J. E. Walker, Pres. of Ellis Co. Board of Commissioners, January 30, 1868, ls, fh, na, rg393, Continental Commands, Part 5; Ovenshine to Howard, February 2, 1868, ls, fh, na, rg93.