By Kenneth K. Kuo, Ragini Acharya(auth.)
A hands-on, built-in method of fixing combustion difficulties in different components
An knowing of turbulence, combustion, and multiphase reacting flows is key for engineers and scientists in lots of industries, together with energy genera-tion, jet and rocket propulsion, pollutants keep an eye on, fireplace prevention and security, and fabric processing. This ebook bargains a hugely sensible dialogue of burning habit and chemical tactics happening in different fabrics, arming readers with the instruments they should remedy the main complicated combustion difficulties dealing with the medical neighborhood this day. the second one of a two-volume paintings, purposes of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion expands on subject matters related to laminar flames from Professor Kuo's bestselling ebook ideas of Combustion, moment version, then builds upon the speculation mentioned within the better half quantity basics of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion to deal with intimately state-of-the-art experimental strategies and functions now not lined anyplace else.
Special positive aspects of this e-book comprise:
Coverage of complicated functions comparable to sturdy propellants, burning habit, and chemical boundary layer flows
A multiphase structures method discussing uncomplicated innovations sooner than relocating to higher-level purposes
A huge variety of useful examples gleaned from the authors' event in addition to difficulties and a recommendations manual
Engineers and researchers in chemical and mechanical engineering and fabrics technological know-how will locate purposes of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion an necessary advisor for upgrading their abilities and maintaining with this swiftly evolving quarter. it's also an outstanding source for college students and pros in mechanical, chemical, and aerospace engineering.Content:
Chapter 1 stable Propellants and their Combustion features (pages 1–71):
Chapter 2 Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Nitramines (pages 72–142):
Chapter three Burning habit of Homogeneous good Propellants (pages 143–208):
Chapter four Chemically Reacting Boundary?Layer Flows (pages 209–329):
Chapter five Ignition and Combustion of unmarried lively good debris (pages 330–455):
Chapter 6 Combustion of strong debris in Multiphase Flows (pages 456–506):
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Additional resources for Applications of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion
Numerous burning rate measurement methods have been developed by various researchers over many years of work in solid propellant combustion. A review of these methods has been given in a paper by Zarko and Kuo (1994). In general, there are two major categories for burning rate measurements: (1) standard strand burners method (also called Crawford burners), and (2) small-scale ballistic evaluation motors with known propellant web thickness. These two methods are described in the next subsections.
It is believed that ADN will be considered in the future energetic propellant development, especially for green propulsion. Another high-energy crystalline oxidizer is known as CL-20 (also called HNIW). It was developed by Nielson at NAWC-China Lake (1988). Its ofﬁcial name is hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane, and its chemical formula is C6 H6 N12 O12 . The CL-20 molecule is a caged compound, and it exhibits polymorphism with ﬁve different polymorphic forms. The polymorph with the highest density is the ε-CL-20; therefore, it is the most desirable from a detonation pressure standpoint.
27. 28. It is important to note that a lower-pressure exponent is preferred for rocket propellant formulation. Therefore, the buring rate of ADN makes it very attractive for future propellant development. 7 Motor Measurement of Propellant Burning Rate by Using a Small-Scale “Web thickness” (Lw ) can be deﬁned as the minimum thickness of the grain from the initial burning surface to the insulated case wall of the motor or to the intersection of another burning surface. 25 NNO2 N NO2 NNO2 Molecular structure of CL-20 (Nielson, 1988).