By Aristotle, W.D. Ross (Editor)
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Extra info for Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics: A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary (Oxford University Press academic monograph reprints)
And again 'we proposed for our treatise not only the aforesaid aim of being able to exact an account of any view. J I An. Post. 7Ial-2. 2 Soph. E1. 183a37-8. ;) lb. 183b3-6. THE PURE OR ASSERTORIC SYLLOGISM 25 And 'we have made clear ... :1 This passage, it is true, is an epilogue to his treatment of dialectical. reasoning, in the Topics; but his attitude to the study of the syllogism in Prior Analytics i is the same. That work begins, indeed, with a 'purely theoretical study of the syllogism.
Which is not known to be true must be false, and its contradictory true. zl7To8laEWS, that while in the latter the lm08WLS must be expressly agreed by the parties, in the former this need not happen, SLa. TO q,av€pov Elva, 1'0 "'€liSos.! The reference is to an assumption so obvious that it need not be mentioned, and this must be the assumption that premisses leading to a false conclusion cannot both be true. There is thus an important difference between reductio and other arguments ~Oe'aEws. The latter rest on a mere agreement between two persons, and are therefore merely dialectical; the fonner rests on an indisputable principle, and is therefore in~ disputably valid.
It is inevitable that the exposition of any art must contain much that is purely theoretical; for without the theoretical knowledge of the material of the art and the conditions under which it works, it is impossible to provide the artist with rules for his practical behaviour. Aristotle's practical purpose in writing his logic is indicated clearly by the passage of comment on his own work to which I have already referred. ' And again 'we proposed for our treatise not only the aforesaid aim of being able to exact an account of any view.