Mueller Report Books

Cognitive Psychology

Assessing the Youthful Offender: Issues and Techniques by Robert D. Hoge

By Robert D. Hoge

Our society's preoccupation with crime and worry of crime seems to have shifted its concentration to the juvenile criminal. either digital and print media constantly warn us that juvenile offenders are more and more more youthful and extra virulent. The demographics of our inhabitants recommend that there'll simply be extra juvenile offenders to worry within the close to destiny. All of those issues come up in a social weather that's characterised through an ever­ expanding call for for more advantageous retributive measures opposed to the criminal. the assumption that in simple terms harsh justice will defend us from the ravages of juveniles has develop into dominant. more and more, perceptions and politics, instead of clinical facts, dominate coverage making in regards to younger offenders. In Assessing the younger criminal: concerns and strategies, Robert D. Hoge and D. A. Andrews make a limited, rational, and finally persuasive argu­ ment for using standardized mental tests within the potent administration of adlescent inside of juvenile justice structures. They make clear how what we already learn about the reason and administration of younger criminality could be integrated into standardized checking out and that the data acquired from trying out can enhance the management of felony justice. additionally, this informa­ tion turns out to be useful regardless of the theoretical biases of these who administer the justice process. The potency of regulations of both retribution, deterrence, or rehabilitation is barely greater via reliance on data.

Show description

Read Online or Download Assessing the Youthful Offender: Issues and Techniques PDF

Similar cognitive psychology books

The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

The Wiley guide at the Cognitive Neuroscience of reminiscence provides a entire assessment of the most recent, cutting–edge neuroscience learn being performed in relation to the examine of human reminiscence and cognition.

-- positive aspects the research of unique facts utilizing leading edge tools in cognitive neuroscience research
-- provides a conceptually available dialogue of human reminiscence research
-- comprises contributions from authors that symbolize a who s who of human reminiscence neuroscientists from the U. S. and abroad
-- Supplemented with numerous first-class and obtainable diagrams to reinforce comprehension

Latent Inhibition: Cognition, Neuroscience and Applications to Schizophrenia

Latent inhibition is a phenomenon in which publicity to an inappropriate stimulus impedes the purchase or expression of conditioned institutions with that stimulus. Latent inhibition, a vital part of the training procedure, is saw in lots of species. This entire number of stories of latent inhibition, from various disciplines together with behavioural/cognitive psychology, neuroscience and genetics, makes a speciality of irregular latent inhibition results in schizophrenic sufferers and schizotypal normals.

Applied Musicology: Using Zygonic Theory to Inform Music Education, Therapy, and Psychology Research

Even supposing examine in song psychology, schooling and treatment has extended exponentially within the twenty first century, there's something of a 'black gap' round which a lot of the discourse circles: track itself. whereas writers have mostly been interested by what humans take into consideration musical engagement, the little musical research that exists has tended to be at a low point in comparison to the delicate non-musical exploration that's current.

Extra resources for Assessing the Youthful Offender: Issues and Techniques

Sample text

The results of the study indicated substantial variability among these youth court judges regarding the nature of the disposition considered appropriate for a case, the weighting of various case factors, and the weighting of the alternative goals of sentencing. Doob and Beaulieu (1993) are careful to point out that some of the variability in judgments can be explained by ambiguities in the Young Offenders Act of Canada, within which these youth court judges were operating. Furthermore, and as we noted earlier, some flexibility (and, hence, variability in decisions) is required in any system dealing with human clients.

Because each of these theories focuses on a narrow range of causal factors, they also identify a narrow range of need factors. We saw, however, that a number of more integrative theories of youth crime have appeared and that these incorporate a broader range of factors in their analyses of the causes of youthful criminal activity. We feel that these theories provide a better guide to the identification of criminogenic need factors. , 1990), which we discussed earlier, attempts to incorporate the full range of causal factors linked to criminal activity that have been identified in the research literature.

If, for example, a decision about incarceration depends on an assessment of the youth's risk of reoffending, then the validity of the inference about risk level becomes of critical importance. Similarly, the effectiveness of a decision about providing the youth with a program of therapy depends very directly on the validity of the judgment about the youth's need for treatment. It is our position, then, that the common dependence on unsystematic assessment procedures in juvenile justice systems contributes to invalid inferences about clients, which in tum contributes to inappropriate decisions about youths.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.35 of 5 – based on 46 votes