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Proclus on nature: philosophy of nature and its methods in by Marije Martijn

By Marije Martijn

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Extra info for Proclus on nature: philosophy of nature and its methods in Proclus' Commentary on Plato's Timaeus (Philosophia Antiqua)

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34 In Tim. –. He adds “or some other similar thing” ( λλο τι τοιο τον), but this seems to be an addition for the sake of completion rather than a real alternative for soul. . 36 This is the argument of Festugière ad loc, who refers to Zeno’ s π ρ τεχνικ ν (= ap. Diog. Laert. VII  τ ν μ ν φ σιν ε ναι π ρ τεχνικ ν δ βαδ ζον ε ς γ νεσιν = SVF I ). Tarrant also refers to SVF II , –. . 38 Festugière (–: vol. I  n. ). platonic ΦΥΣΙΣ according to proclus  (a) god is not rejected, and that the Plotinian theory of nature as soul, although it is not rejected forthright, is at least considered in need of modification.

Clearly makes a connection between the φ σις that figures in περ φ σεως στορ α and φ σις as the essence of something (to understand the nature of something, one has to understand the nature of the universe). Again, Sophist c–e and Laws X c–c are both criticisms of the common opinion that everything growing owes its existence to mindless nature and chance, rather than to a divine cause (in the Laws, that cause is soul). So here we find another meaning of φ σις, that of an irrational automatic agent.

Simpl. In Phys. , Philop. In Phys.  ff. 25 In Tim. –. For nature as form see Arist. Phys. ; cf. Met. XII  a–. 26 Cf. Schneider (: ). For nature as source of motion see Arist. Phys. III  b–, Cael. I  b. 27 In Tim. . 28 In Tim. . Cf. Festugière (–: vol. I,  n. ). 29 Arist. Phys. II  b–. 30 Plato Laws X b ff. 31 In Tim. –. Perhaps Proclus is here confusing the Peripatetic theory that physical changes start from the four δυν μεις cold, warm, dry and moist (Arist.

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